Science is finally catching up with the mysteries of spirituality. More and more scientific proof and experiments are supporting millenary spiritual knowledge and practices. Within these articles we bring some of the latest scientific related theories and discoveries.
As you’re probably well aware, a few hours ago, NASA and SETI announced the discovery of Earth’s “older, bigger cousin”. Called Kepler-452b, it’s the first almost-Earth-sized planet that’s been found in the habitable zone of a star very similar to our Sun, and the Internet is kind of freaking out about it.
During the briefing, the scientists also announced the discovery of 11 other habitable planet candidates, so what’s so special about Kepler-452b? Well, we’re glad you asked, because there’s quite a lot. For starters, this is our best candidate so far for an ‘Earth 2.0’, and it could also be the ideal place to look for extraterrestrial life.
Here’s everything we know so far:
- Kepler-452b is orbiting a star called Kepler-452, located 1,400 light-years away in the Cygnus constellation of the Milky Way.
- The planet is 1.6 times bigger than Earth.
- Earlier research shows that planets of this size “have a good chance” of being rocky, just like Earth.
- Kepler-452b is orbiting a G2-type star, like our Sun.
- The planet is in the habitable zone, which means that it’s far enough away from its sun that its water won’t evaporate, but close enough so that it won’t freeze.
- A year on Kepler-452b lasts 385 days, so the planet is only 5 percent further from its star than Earth is from the Sun.
- The planet is likely to have an atmosphere, lots of clouds, and possibly active volcanoes.
- Its parent star Kepler-452 is 6 billion years old (1.5 billion years older than our Sun).
- Kepler-452 has the same temperature, and is 20 percent brighter, and 10 percent larger in diameter than our Sun.
- Because it’s orbiting a larger star, it’s likely to be slightly warmer than Earth.
All of this is pretty damn exciting when you consider the fact that NASA has spent decades searching for a potential new home for humanity, but some of these points are worth highlighting further.
For starters, the fact that Kepler-452b is orbiting a G2-type star is hugely important, because all the other Earth-sized planets that we’ve found so far are orbiting stars that are cooler and smaller than our Sun.
And then there’s the age of its star, which is 1.5 billion years older than our Sun, meaning it’s had a lot longer for any potential life to evolve.
“It’s awe-inspiring to consider that this planet has spent 6 billion years in the habitable zone of its star; longer than Earth,” Kepler’s lead data analyst, John Jenkins, said in a press release. “That’s substantial opportunity for life to arise, should all the necessary ingredients and conditions for life exist on this planet.”
We should step in here and make it clear that we still know very little about Kepler-452b, and have no way of saying for sure whether it’s habitable at this point. The planet was discovered the same way that pretty much all exoplanets are – by the Kepler spacecraft monitoring the slight ‘dip’ in the brightness of its star as it passed in front of it.
This has been followed up with ground-based observations from telescopes in the US, which is why we know so much about the brightness of the planet’s host star, and the potential nature of the planet. The results have been submitted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal.
But given the fact that Kepler-452b 1,400 light-years away, we’re going to need much stronger telescopes than we have right now to actually see the planet, and get some insight into what’s going on there. And fortunately, we’re about to get one that will be perfect for the job – the James Webb Telescope.
The successor to the Hubble Space Telescope is scheduled to launch in October 2018, and will be 100 times more powerful than Hubble, making it capable of seeing events that happened in the Universe 13.5 billion years ago.
During the briefing, NASA explained that it plans to use the telescope to perform an atmospheric analysis of Kepler-452b, providing us with some important information on just how habitable it really is. And we’re so damn excited to see those results.
In the meantime, I guess we should work on figuring out how we might be able to get to our potential new home. Warp drive, anyone?
While we may not yet know enough to say whether Kepler-452b is habitable or not, we’ll leave you with this NASA gif, which perfectly sums up why this news is worth getting a little hyped-up over (hint: the green band signifies the habitable zone).
Original Source: Science Alert
Personally I can’t help but wonder, if let’s say humanity had another chance (apart from the million previous ones), with the knowledge and technology of today, a “reset” on Earth’s ecosystem, would we make the same mistakes or not? Or would we start afresh to create a new reality where Love and Unity would prevail? Would this new world help us “cure” poverty,hunger, war on a collective level? Would it help us anchor the new paradigm shift?
Let us know in the comment section bellow!
Thanks for reading,
Love and Light.
I know what I’m about to get myself into .. This is not an easy subject and it’s going to raise all sorts of questioning.
When it comes to taking drugs there is so much duality, self-harm, lack of control, and also a need to connect with something.
I have seen both sides of this spectrum, not only in my own experiences but also in many other people around me in London and all over the globe to be fair.
It’s rather hard for me to fully understand the difference between taking drugs to escape , or drugs to enhance an experience or to do inner work.
When it comes to taking the so called “plant medicines” to heal aspects of Self it all reflects to a search of healing and connecting to Mother Nature. And yes it does work. Mother Ayahuasca is a very powerful tool to unlock so many blockages, to actually get rid of addictions and to look within the depths of Self . It can allow you to connect to the unity of all , it can slow down the mind .. It can also drive you crazy if you are not ready for this jump into other dimensions.
But the question I have in mind is what is the difference? If you are taking MDMA for “fun” or to open to the feeling of unconditional love? What makes a non-synthetic medicine more valid than a synthetic one?
What is the difference? Is it in the mind? Or in the way it’s taken?
Intention sure plays the main part when it comes to anything we do in life, and in any Shamanic ceremony, intention will too play a key role when it comes to healing.
There is so much judgment when it comes to drug taking, but what are people who take drugs looking for?
What are they after?
In a world where many have lost their connection to the divine, drug taking is a cry for help allowing humans to look into a glimpse of their own divinity and to get closer to the collective consciousness. Yes, it can be a magical thing, but it can also can be very dangerous when people abuse it.
When abuse comes in, you are trying to escape from your reality, from your fears. You are rejecting the emotional pain. And I don’t blame or judge anyone for it. Pain is not pleasant, as humans we are not all ready to fully feel and surrender to the divine and look within.
I wrote an article earlier this year focusing on addictions, BREAKING UP ADDICTIONS, but here I just want to focus on the how some people define taking drugs as okay when using it in a more conscious way, or as in a ceremony.
What is my opinion of it? I don’t know…
I truly would like to have an answer, but searching for answers has shown me, more and more, the search itself is pointless.
From personal experiences, drugs have never really helped me, because they never empowered myself to find answers to my own questions. Yes, sure, Ayahuasca has had a massive impact on myself, and how I see the world, but once I learned that way I didn’t have to keep coming back to it. I carried it in my heart; the lessons, the visions, the wisdom.
I also believe everyone is different and people have different paths, and how they choose to open and walk their path is up to them.
But I have suffered in the past with lower vibrations carried by drug taking from myself and others, so I try to gain clarity and understanding that they are not the answer for what I’m looking for or trying to connect with. Yes, they can be used as a great tool, so you can learn how to shift thought different dimensions and connect with consciousness as well as with people in your life.
However, you should be able to do that naturally, as it’s part of your making as a human to be able to have those experiences without having to take anything. Just by opening your heart, and by opening to the universe.
The answers are always inside, and they then become your external world when you fully embody the unity of all.
That’s why light workers will normally be “against” drugs, because they are already in touch with those high frequencies. Although “against” is not the appropriate term, because they know everything is so perfectly happening the way it should.
Yes, yes, I know this is contradictory, and so is life..
It’s being able to be all and nothing at once. To embrace it all within the eternity of you.
I still have so much to learn, to explore, and to understand, so I’m truly looking forward to the comments on this article.
Thank you for reading,
Love and Light.
“Throughout the history of medicine, including the shamanic healing traditions, the Greek tradition of Asclepius, Aristotle and Hippocrates, and the folk and religious healers, the imagination has been used to diagnose disease.”_Jeanne Achterberg
You know when you wake up in the morning and you have some sort of epiphany? Like this idea that lands in your head from nowhere. It’s almost like a whisper, and you have no clue of how it was there in the first place.
So listen to this; it’s just a thought. It’s unquestionable how the effects of hallucinogens have been used to treat mental illness, addictions, anxiety, and to cure physical illness. There are numerous cases of people who launched into the forest looking for the wisdom of the shaman to treat their evil. It is also common knowledge the powerful ayahuasca is being used in prisons in Brazil to give inmates perspective and healing on what has brought them to that place. At the same time, even children have been given the medicine in Brazil, the Santo Daime doctrine is completely legal in the country and is part of their culture, part of their religion – (or should I have said our culture, and our religion? I’m Brazilian after all).
So, the thought that came first thing in the morning was this… Has anyone ever used ayahuasca to treat patients who are considered brain dead? Or how about patients with Alzheimer’s, or any other brain degenerative disease?
I have no idea; that’s why I’m writing this. Maybe I felt very guided to do it because my very own sister is a neuroscientist and is now in Australia developing a work around neuroscientist treatment and cure.
But also it really got me thinking, what happens when you are brain dead? Can someone use or choose to be given hallucinogens in that condition to try and reverse it?
Let’s look at some facts and drop some research, starting with the simple use of meditation.
It’s very well accepted by the scientific community that meditation has numerous benefits to the brain and it can be used for an overall health practice. However, when you bring in medicinal plants which alter states of consciousness and put you in a deep state of meditation, the whole taboo starts.
Furthermore, the limitations faced by the current scientific community, particularly neuroscientists, whom have been denied freedom to explore research on hallucinogens as an effective way of treating mental illness and other physical disorders, are a big stone block in exploring the use of medicinal plants (with thousands of years of wisdom) for the benefit of health treatment.
I can only begin to imagine such limitations being lifted. The scientific community could do intense research and use such tools for the treatment of all illnesses.
What would happen if a person considered brain dead was given such devices? Would they come back into consciousness? What would happen if someone with mental illness was treated with the plant medicines?
Care to share your views? Write your comments to us.
Thanks for reading,
Love and Light,
I often ask myself about this word. Enlightenment. What does it truly mean? Is there even such a thing? Something many have searched for but truly, can it be found? Can it be obtained anyhow?
For me, it really has to do with letting the light take over. But how can the light take over when we are already light itself? I speak of light beyond darkness, beyond the yin and yang, beyond our capable understanding. It’s very paradoxical, but so it is. At the same time, it is ridiculously simple, and so easy to understand that many may spend their whole life in search of themselves, but if only they had the understanding of what we are, there would be no need to let the light be what it already is.
It’s funny how we love this human dilemma; ever playing the game of blindness. But the time is here, and many are aware of the truth.
When I met Richard Rudd, I knew for sure he was already there. Floating in the innocence of the childlike creation, being part of it and enjoying the perks of awareness and limitless light. Laughing with and crying with the Gods. Maybe that’s why he makes me nervous, I can feel it in him.
His work is inspiring, because it’s so giving. It allows for the light to shine through, setting it free from what already is enlightened.
Richard’s technology awakens your cellular memory, bringing into life what you are, giving tender support to your heart and understanding of your human mechanisms and how you can break out from your inner made-up prison.
What I love about his work is the efficiency and unquestionable fact of its impact in your being. Not just because it triggers something inexplicable, unleashing your power within, but because it makes you feel human, it brings you back and forth from being part of the cosmos and being contained into this body.
We asked Richard how he started on his path, and here is an interview with some of his journey:
I hear people saying the awakening journey can be very hard, and sometimes they wonder how much easier it was when they were not aware of the secrets of the cosmos, then I realise they might not yet have discovered the secrets of it. Because it is hard when you are in between worlds and trying to find your ground. However, when you cross that bridge and start surrendering to the unknown mystery of all, everything changes into magic, and then realise how very dull it was to be blind to the truth and the mystic.
“Awareness isn’t something we own; awareness isn’t something we possess. Awareness is actually what we are.”
With the Gene Keys Project, Richard has brought this amazing technology that gives self-empowerment to those seeking their inner truth.
The Gene Keys explores so many different aspects of life and brings you into moments of contemplation about your own unique mystery.
For those familiar with the Gene Keys, here are some technical questions we asked Richard about it.
If you are not familiar with the Gene Keys project, you can find out more information here www.genekeys.com. Start with a free profile of your own genetic keys, and explore your cellular history. Embark on a journey of self-discovery and self-mastery, allowing your inner light to run free and merge with the universal flow.
If you are like me, and like to dive right into the middle of the storm, perhaps you should take a look at the Golden Path, which is another way of understanding how you operate and what wounds you carry from birth, as well as which ones you carry on behalf of humanity. Understanding the pain is part of who we are, and part of how we got here.
The golden path empowers you to break free from destructive patterns that reflect only limitation of self. It triggers an awareness of how you act and interact with others. I’ll be writing more about the Golden Path and my own experience with it as well as DNA downloads that have happened which I’m now processing. But here is a link about it: http://www.genekeys.com/golden-path-program/
If you like to you can start right now reading the Gene Keys Book:
Thank you for reading,
Love and Light,
Gregg Braden, world famous author of The Divine Matrix, in a truly life transforming interview. Definitely a must watch for anyone who wants to improve the way in which they see and perceive the reality. Gregg talks about one of the most famous Universal Laws, the Law Of Attraction.
As the ancient traditions said: “Our experience is only an experience. Not positive, not negative, until we judge our personal experience”.
We attract everything we experience either consciously or unconsciously so I believe you would agree, it is much better to be aware and mindful of our thoughts and feelings.
The Law Of Attraction is closely connected to Visualization, Intention, Manifestation and so much more that makes it a very vast subject. We will write more about these amazing topics and will surely post more talks, tutorials and meditations.
This is definitely an eye-opener. Enjoy!
Thank you for watching,
Love and Light,
What is really a Mercury Retrograde and how does it affect our lives in general? Is it as bad as we think it is? Teal Swan breaks it down for us and explains what is it, how does it affect us and what to do about it. Yes there is a way to go through it! You can feel relieved. 🙂
In the new age, spiritual and astrological community, mercury retrogrades have a bad reputation. Mercury retrogrades are famous for effecting electronic equipment, causing travel delays and cancellations, influencing breakdowns in communication such as things getting lost in translation, pieces of information going missing, the inability to finish sentences, arguments arising out of nowhere with seemingly no provocation, the inability to form a coherent thought.
Retrogrades can create some serious confusion. It also causes indecision. You may notice things getting lost and luck may seem to be against you. In fact, mercury retrograde can be seen as the planetary manifestation of Murphy’s Law. Meaning that it can feel as if everything that can go wrong…. Is going wrong. It is famous for causing delays and postponements in all areas of life and this feeling of fighting upstream can lead to a sensation of severe restlessness and frustration. Mercury also particularly effects a lot of industries like publishing, writing, editing, advertising, sales, public relations & anything to do with transport, like airlines, the post office & cabs so if you have to interact with any of these industries, you can expect some mix ups to occur.
But… The good news is, there are some distinct advantages to the mercury retrograde! In this episode, Teal explains what these advantages are and how to use them. She then provides a list of tips for how to enjoy and benefit from the mercury retrograde.
Kuan Yin’s Mantra (c) 2002 Lisa Thiel – used by permissionhttp://www.sacreddream.com
Thank you for watching,
Love and Light,
“My mission in life is not merely to survive, but to thrive; and to do so with some passion, some compassion, some humor, and some style.” _Maya Angelou
Oh life, what a wonderful playground.
If only we understood how pointless it is to take ourselves too seriously. Perhaps if we did, we could truly be innocent, like children, and start to enjoy ourselves and our mission in a very delightful way.
Some of us awaken or are very committed to finding our mission, so called Purpose. To be fulfilled. This process can be as simple as opening your eyes every morning, or as complicated as understanding why each iris is absolutely unique in its patterns.
We might run around in circles trying to find it, we might deny it, but truthfully, deep down, we know there is something beyond explanation that we long for.
But how do we find out about the mysteries of the soul? What have we chosen for our path?
Accessing ones blueprint can be a very complex achievement. For those lucky enough to have figured it out, life will change into magical daily miracles, but for those who are still lost looking for their true mission it can be painful and confusing to engage in the game of living.
Thankfully we have people like Lorraine, whose mission is help others to find theirs.
I absolutely love how synchronicities work, and not long after my very first Akashic records reading I started to wonder about karmic contracts and direction on my soul mission. I still feel like I’m missing on something and that I needed to find out more about this matter. So there she was, great universe, you as you get, it’s very effective to live in the effortlessly present moment of allowing yourself to receive.
Lorraine works with hypnosis to access ones truths, traveling back in time, exploring past lives, karmic contracts, previous traumas, as well as going into the future in finding out what your Higher Self has to reveal and what your purpose in this incarnation is. What lessons your soul chose to learn, and how you can smooth and understand your inner world.
She basically enables you to explore more about your own mysteries.
This amazing interview with the Soul detective is surely one to watch and figure out if you are ready to explore more about your inner journeys.
“We are not human beings on a spiritual journey. We are spiritual beings on a human journey.”_ Stephen R. Covey
Once you learn about your mission, you can truly be of service, you can choose to flourish and live your dream, to be in sync with the planet and your soul.
Lorraine has worked in this field for over 31 years and has also written a book called “Healing with Past life therapy”. If you are reading this article, it is probably not a coincidence, as nothing is. Maybe you chose this opportunity to find out more about the mystery within you.
I’ll be sure to explore this inner journey with Lorraine and will trust in her divine gift to allow me to explore pieces of my puzzle that have yet to come together. I’ll be sure to write about this experience and share it with you all.
She also shared with us some of her paintings that came from the Ayahuasca experience see the gallery below:
You can watch more about her line of work here:
If you wish to contact Lorraine here is her website and contact details: www.innerjourneys.co.uk , firstname.lastname@example.org
Thank you for reading,
Love and Light,
Entheogen examines the modern day crisis of disenchantment associated with living in a hyper modern world, integrating ancient history, philosophy, science and emerging technology to draw the audience toward new existential possibilities. Weaving together images and interviews of ecological awareness, tribal dance culture, shamanism and the current evaluation of entheogenic compounds, the film documents the emergence of techno-shamanism and the evolution of man kind. Exploring themes ranging from archaic cosmologies to the collective consciousness of the Internet, the thinkers and artists in the film, including Stan Grof, Rick Doblin, Marilyn Schiltz, Terence Mckenna, Alex Grey, Ralph Metzner, John Markoff, Daniel Pinchbeck, and Kat Harrison postulate the potential for the next leap in planetary consciousness.
Entheogen was released on DVD on May 18th, following a string of pre-release screenings that have garnered critical acclaim. The film won Best Documentary at Hollywood’s Brilliant Light Film Festival, its festival premiere. The film was also screened in Park City during the Sundance Film Festival at Mindbender, an eclectic event that integrated the screening with interactive artistic and musical performances that sustained some 600 initiates until dawn.
Thanks for watching,
Love and Light,
Image is from the multi-talented Alex Grey.
Imagine a world where dinosaurs hadn’t become extinct, Germany had won World War II and you were born in an entirely different country.
These worlds could exist today in parallel universes, which constantly interact with each other, according to a group of US and Australian researchers.
It may sound like science fiction, but the new theory could resolve some of the irregularities in quantum mechanics that have baffled scientists for centuries.
The team proposes that parallel universes really exist, and that they interact. That is, rather than evolving independently, nearby worlds influence one another by a subtle force of repulsion. They show that such an interaction could explain everything that is bizarre about quantum mechanics.
WHAT THEY CLAIM:
Professor Wiseman and his colleagues propose that:
- The universe we experience is just one of a gigantic number of worlds. Some are almost identical to ours while most are very different;
- All of these worlds are equally real, exist continuously through time, and possess precisely defined properties;
- All quantum phenomena arise from a universal force of repulsion between ‘nearby’ (i.e. similar) worlds which tends to make them more dissimilar.
The team from Griffiths University and the University of California suggest that rather than evolving independently, nearby worlds influence one another by a subtle force of repulsion.
They claim that such an interaction could explain everything that is bizarre about how particles operate on a microscopic scale.
Quantum mechanics is notoriously difficult to fathom, exhibiting weird phenomena which seem to violate the laws of cause and effect.
‘The idea of parallel universes in quantum mechanics has been around since 1957,’ said Howard Wiseman, a professor in Physics at Griffith University.
‘In the well-known ‘Many-Worlds Interpretation”, each universe branches into a bunch of new universes every time a quantum measurement is made.
‘All possibilities are therefore realized – in some universes the dinosaur-killing asteroid missed Earth. In others, Australia was colonised by the Portuguese.’
‘But critics question the reality of these other universes, since they do not influence our universe at all.
‘On this score, our ‘Many Interacting Worlds’ approach is completely different, as its name implies.’
The Many Worlds theory was first proposed by Hugh Everett, who said that the ability of quantum particles to occupy two states seemingly at once could be explained by both states co-existing in different universes.
Instead of a collapse in which quantum particles ‘choose’ to occupy one state or another, they in fact occupy both, simultaneously.
IS OUR UNIVERSE A HOLOGRAM? UNIVERSE COULD BE A MERE PROJECTION
The holographic model suggests gravity in the universe comes from thin, vibrating strings. These strings are holograms of events that take place in a simpler, flatter cosmos
The universe is a hologram and everything you can see – including this article and the device you are reading it on – is a mere projection.
This is according to a controversial model proposed in 1997 by theoretical physicist Juan Maldacena.
Until now the bizarre theory had never been tested, but recent mathematical models suggest that the mind-boggling principle could be true.
According to the theory, gravity in the universe comes from thin, vibrating strings.
These strings are holograms of events that take place in a simpler, flatter cosmos. Professor Maldacena’s model suggests that the universe exists in nine dimensions of space, and one of time.
In December, Japanese researchers attempted to tackle this problem by providing mathematical evidence that the holographic principle might be correct.
The holographic principle suggests that, like the security chip on a credit card for example, there is a two-dimensional surface that contains all the information needed to describe a three-dimensional object – which in this case is our universe.
In essence, the principle claims that data containing a description of a volume of space – such as a human or a comet – could be hidden in a region of this flattened, ‘real’ version of the universe.
In a black hole, for instance, all the objects that ever fall into it would be entirely contained in surface fluctuations. This means that the objects would be stored almost as ‘memory’ or fragment of data rather than a physical object in existence.
Like Everett, Professor Wiseman and his colleagues propose the universe we experience is just one of a gigantic number of worlds.
They believe some are almost identical to ours, while most are very different.
All of these worlds are equally real, existing continuously through time, and possessing precisely defined properties.
They suggest that quantum phenomena arise from a universal force of repulsion between ‘nearby’ worlds which tend to make them more dissimilar.
Dr Michael Hall from Griffith’s Centre for Quantum Dynamics added that the ‘Many-Interacting Worlds’ theory may even create the extraordinary possibility of testing for the existence of other worlds.
‘The beauty of our approach is that if there is just one world, our theory reduces to Newtonian mechanics, while if there is a gigantic number of worlds it reproduces quantum mechanics,’ he says.
Dr Michael Hall from Griffith’s Centre for Quantum Dynamics says the ‘Many-Interacting Worlds’ theory may even create the extraordinary possibility of testing for the existence of other worlds
‘In between it predicts something new that is neither Newton’s theory nor quantum theory.
‘We also believe that, in providing a new mental picture of quantum effects, it will be useful in planning experiments to test and exploit quantum phenomena.’
‘For us at least there is nothing inherently implausible in the idea,’ added Professor Wiseman.
‘For fans of science fiction it makes those plots involving communication between parallel worlds not quite so far-fetched after all.’
The ability to approximate quantum evolution using a finite number of worlds could have significant ramifications in molecular dynamics, which is important for understanding chemical reactions and the action of drugs.
Professor Bill Poirier, Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at Texas Tech University, has observed: ‘These are great ideas, not only conceptually, but also with regard to the new numerical breakthroughs they are almost certain to engender.
Thank you for reading,
Love and Light,
by Ellie Zolfagharifard
This article was taken by In5D. Original Source is here
Raised on a wildlife reserve in Alaska, 15-year old Garrett was interested in the dietary habits of their animals. After the tragic death of his mother, Garrett s father decided to home-school his son and assigned a book written by Dr. Max Gerson that proposes a direct link between diet and a cure for cancer.
Fascinated, Garrett embarks on a cross-country road trip to investigate The Gerson Therapy. He meets with scientists, doctors and cancer survivors who reveal how it is in the best interest of the multi-billion dollar medical industry to dismiss the notion of alternative and natural cures.
It has been said that more people live off cancer than die from it. The Beautiful Truth is a movie that can put a stop to this travesty. Here is a very practical guide to the intensive nutritional treatment of cancer and other life-threatening diseases that many would consider to have been impossible to obtain. But thanks to the work of Max Gerson, M.D., and his daughter, Charlotte Gerson, this knowledge is readily available.
Max Gerson cured cancer. He did so with a strict fat-free, salt-free, low-protein, essentially vegetarian dietary regimen, based on great quantities of fresh vegetable juice, supplements, and systemic detoxification.
Thanks for watching,
Love and Light,